Holy Spirit: We believe that the Holy Spirit indwells believers (1 Corinthians 6:19-20), confirming their salvation (Romans 8:14-16) and enabling them to bear godly fruit (Galatians 5:22). We believe that the Holy Spirit convicts the world concerning sin, righteousness, and judgment (John 16:8). He is the source of all power and all acceptable worship and service.The Holy Spirit also empowers believers to have a bold and effective witness (i.e Luke 12:12), so He manifests His gifts in their daily lives for the edification of the church and as a testimony to the world. He never removes Himself from the Church; He is always testifying of Christ; He is always seeking to focus believers on Jesus, not on themselves, their gifts, or their experiences.
- from the CLG Statement of Faith
The primary roles of the Holy Spirit are:
- the restraint of evil in the world to the measure of God’s divine will;
- the conviction of the world respecting sin, righteousness, and judgment;
- the regeneration of all believers;
- the continuous indwelling and anointing of all who are saved;
- the provision of gifts as He sees fit;
- the manifestation of fruit in all, for the purpose of ministry to all;
- the continual filling for power, teaching, and service among those who are committed to and yielded to Jesus Christ.
The fruit of the Spirit (Gal. 5:22-23) is the result of a Spirit-filled life, and evidence of spiritual maturity. True followers of God will be known by their fruit (Matthew 7:16).
The gifts of the Spirit are different manifestations of the Spirit to build up the body (Isaiah 11:5; I Corinthians 12:1-11). They ought always directly point people toward God (John 15:26; John 16:13-14). We are instructed to diligently seek the gifts (I Corinthians 12:31, 14:1), but they must be exercised in an orderly and understandable way (I Corinthians 14:26-33), and used in the context of love (I Corinthians 13:1-13), lest our expression cause others to stumble (1 Corinthians 8). We have different gifts given as the Holy Spirit wills, and the gifts must be expressed in love, sincerity, and in a way which honors others above ourselves (Romans 12:1-10).
The Holy Spirit "gives gifts as He will” (I Corinthians 12:7-11). We are recipients of these gifts by grace and God’s good mercy. There is no formula for gaining gifts, and there is no one gift that is a more definitive sign of His presence. Every attempt should be made to use the gifts in humility and service, so that we may share the desire of Jesus: that God must increase and we must decrease (John 3:30).
Spiritual gifts are enablements or capacities God gives to individuals. Because they are freely given, they cannot be earned. These gifts are for the benefit of others, and are given to the entire church more than to individuals. They are meant to build up, encourage, and comfort the church. They are also far more varied than we often realize.
- Prophecy (boldly proclaiming God’s mind and purpose) 1 Corinthians 12, 14; Micah 3:8
- Serving (a wide variety of ministries that “make the dust fly”) - 1 Peter 4; 1 Corinthians 12:5
- Teaching - (explaining God’s truth) Romans 12; 1 Corinthians 12; Ephesians 4
- Working - (bringing energy to a project) 1 Corinthians 12:6
- Exhortation (motivational skills; encouragement) - Romans 12
- Giving (joyful, sacrificial generosity) Romans 12
- Mercy (compassion) - Romans 12
- Intercession (prayer) Romans 8:26, 27
- Wisdom (knowledge rightly applied to situations) James 1:5; Numbers 27
- Words of Wisdom (giving insightful, practical knowledge) - 1 Corinthians 12
- Words of Knowledge (giving insight into doctrine/spiritual truth) - 1 Corinthians 12
- Faith (unwavering commitment) - 1 Corinthians 12
- Healing (miraculous interventions for sickness) 1 Corinthians 12
- Miracles - (supernatural acts)1 Corinthians 12
- Discerning spirits (insight into the “spirit” of a situation) - 1 Corinthians 12
- Tongues (gifted in human or heavenly languages) - 1 Corinthians 12, 14
- Interpretation of Tongues - (translating those languages) 1 Corinthians 12, 14
- Apostle (unique to the founding of the church) - 1 Corinthians 12; Ephesians 4
- Leadership (church planters and church sustainers) - Romans 12
- Pastor (“shepherds” who guide and lead) - Ephesians 4
- Evangelist/Missionary (boldness in sharing the gospel) Acts 1:8; 5:32; 26:22; 1 John 5:6; Ephesians 4
- Helps (helping/serving the poor and downtrodden) 1 Corinthians 12; 1 Timothy 3:8-13; Romans 16:1-4; 12
- Administration (the ability to give oversight) 1 Corinthians 12; 1 Samuel 11 and 16
- Celibacy (refraining from sex with purity) 1 Corinthians 7:7
- Marriage (committing to a covenant with integrity) 1 Corinthians 7:7
- Hospitality (openness and friendliness) 1 Peter 4:9-10
- Craftsmanship (building, construction) Exodus 31:3; 35:30-35
- The Arts (music, poetry, prose, painting...) - Exodus 31:2-6; Exodus 35:25-26; Psalm 150:3-5 Luke 1:1-3
- Voluntary Poverty (forgoing wealth without envy or jealousy) 1 Corinthians 13:1-3
- Business Sense (reward from hard work and investment) Ecclesiastes 3,5
- Courage (as seen in Gideon) Judges 6
- Strength (as seen in Samson) Judges 13
- Architectural Engineering (planning; constructing; building) 1 Chronicles 28
The Holy Spirit is also creative, and that He gives us the wisdom and ability to learn to use His power appropriately and contextually in new situations – new wine need new wineskins (Luke 5: 36-39). This enables us to be considerate of the effect and impact on those around us (I Corinthians 14:40). The expression and use of the power and the gifts of the Holy Spirit will vary from culture to culture, person to person, and season to season. What is a beneficial and edifying expression in one place, time, or individual may or may not be equally beneficial or edifying in another.